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May 1, 2020

Reps. Pressley and Meeks Call for Regulation Prohibiting Banks from Garnishing Economic Impact Payments

Washington, D.C. – Today, Representatives Ayanna Pressley (D-MA) and Gregory W. Meeks (D-NY) addressed a letter to the Treasury Department, the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), and Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) asking the agencies to immediately issue regulation or guidance to restrict financial institutions from seizing economic impact payments to collect on outstanding debts, such as overdraft fees.

The letter references reports of Treasury telling financial institutions during a webinar that the law didn’t expressly prohibit garnishing the economic impact payments, effectively giving those institutions a green light.

“It is egregious that payments intended to serve as a lifeline would be garnished and diverted away from American families during this unprecedented public health and economic crisis. These agencies must reverse course and issue clear guidance to halt these predatory practices.” said Congresswoman Ayanna Pressley.

“Garnishing economic impact payments is nothing short of cutting one of the only lifelines some families have left during times of massive unemployment. The purpose of these payments was to provide families financial relief during a crisis, not for banks to square off existing debts. Federal agencies must make it explicit that economic impact payments are not to be seized for these purposes, and issue guidance or regulation in accord with the spirit of the law Congress passed,” said Congressman Gregory W. Meeks.

The text of the letter is below:


May 1, 2020


The Honorable Steve Mnuchin

Secretary of the Treasury

Department of the Treasury

1500 Pennsylvania Ave. NW

Washington, DC 20220


The Honorable Jerome H. Powell


Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW

Washington, DC 20551


The Honorable Jelena McWilliams


Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

550 17th Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20429


The Honorable Joseph M. Otting


Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

Washington, DC 20219


The Honorable Rodney E. Hood


National Credit Union Administration

1775 Duke Street

Alexandria, VA 22314


The Honorable Kathleen L. Kraninger


Consumer Financial Protection Bureau

1700 G Street, NW

Washington, DC 20552


Secretary Mnuchin, Chair Powell, Chairman McWilliams, Comptroller Otting, Chairman Hood, and Director Kraninger:

We write to express our strong concern about financial institutions seizing stimulus payments from individuals and families with negative account balances to offset debts owed to them. Congress passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act to provide relief to the millions of Americans experiencing economic hardship as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The CARES Act provides economic impact payments to eligible individuals up to $1,200 (or $2,400 for joint filers), and $500 per qualifying child under age 17.   For individuals who provided direct deposit information with their 2018 and 2019 tax returns, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) indicated it would directly deposit economic impact payments.  The IRS distributed the first wave of economic payments via direct deposit beginning on April 12, 2020.   Additionally, the IRS created the Get My Payment tool on its website to allow individuals who had not utilized direct deposit on their tax return to provide their bank account information to allow for expedited receipt of their economic impact payments. 

However, we are deeply concerned by recent media reports indicating that some depository institutions are seizing economic impact payments from individuals with negative account balances. According to the reports, individuals already struggling financially did not receive their economic impact payments due to their accounts being overdrawn.  It is simply unacceptable that financial institutions are using funds meant to serve as a lifeline to further punish those already facing hardship during this unprecedented public health and economic crisis. 

According to Federal Reserve data, prior to the start of the current crisis, 40% of Americans could not meet a $400 emergency without borrowing money or selling personal belongings, and 30% of adults were “one modest financial setback away from hardship”. It would be unconscionable for banks to withhold taxpayer-funded assistance from these financially vulnerable Americans during this critical time when doing so would surely cause lasting financial harm to millions of American families across the country.

Problematically, it has come to our attention that the Department of Treasury indicated its assent to such conduct during a recent webinar with financial institutions. According to one report, during this webinar, a Treasury Department official stated that there was nothing in the law that would stop financial institutions from seizing stimulus funds to pay themselves for other unrelated debts owed to them.  The article concluded: “[i]n other words, the statement was a green light for banks to take advantage of the coronavirus to collect prior debt.” 

This statement ignores the fact that the Department of Treasury could use its authority under Section 2201(h) of the CARES Act to issue regulations or other guidance clarifying that financial institutions accepting stimulus payment deposits should not offset or reduce the stimulus amounts to satisfy outstanding debts owed to them, including for overdrafts or other fees that should be waived due to this crisis. We urge Treasury to issue such necessary regulations or clarifying guidance immediately. Especially in times of crisis, consumer protection must remain a priority and millions of Americans cannot afford to wait.

Furthermore, as financial regulatory agencies responsible for supervising the nation’s depository institutions, the Federal Reserve, FDIC, OCC, NCUA, and CFPB must do more to help hardworking Americans during this crisis. As regulators, you have issued various joint statements addressing actions these institutions should take to assist their customers during the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, on April 3, 2020, you jointly issued such a statement “to enable mortgage servicers to work with struggling consumers affected by the Coronavirus Disease (referred to as COVID-19) emergency.  Therefore, in addition to the aforementioned guidance Treasury should issue, we urge your agencies to immediately work together to issue a joint statement or guidance discouraging financial institutions you oversee from collecting from overdrawn accounts and other debts owed to them to ensure individuals receive the full economic impact payments Congress intended.

We are dealing with an extraordinary crisis that has and will continue to harm millions of hardworking people. During these challenging times, the Department of Treasury as well as financial regulatory agencies must do their utmost to prohibit financial institutions’ withholding of stimulus payments and further exacerbating the economic hardship of their customers.

We look forward to your timely response.